Skills and achievements are the focal points in a functional resume. It prioritizes your strengths and accomplishments, and is also known as a skills-based resume. Multiple sections can be dedicated to various skill sets. A brief work history is included, but you can ignore dates and write a list of job titles and employers.
To understand if a functional resume is the best fit for you, let's take a look at the other two resume formats. The resume format most appropriate for you will depend on your professional experience and the requirements of the position you're seeking. Keep reading to find out how these resume formats differ and which one is best for you.
A chronological resume concentrates mainly on your work history and the details of the jobs you’ve had. Un CV funcional enfatiza sus habilidades y logros. Piense si sus habilidades o sus puestos de trabajo anteriores fortalecen su CV. ¿Qué resultará más interesante de usted a los reclutadores? If you’re in any of the following situations, read carefully to decide which of these formats is best for you:
The combination format uses information from the functional and chronological resume formats. The following points will further help you determine which of the three resume formats you should choose.
Seeing real functional resume samples can help you understand how they work. Check out the different examples below, and compare them with your own skills and experience. You'll get a much clearer idea of what your resume could look like!
A continuación encontrará algunos fantásticos ejemplos gratuitos.
This sample functional resume from the University of Kentucky puts the focus on the summary of qualifications and relevant skills before listing work history and education. Esta estrategia es eficaz para personas que conocen bien el trabajo como para entender los tipos de habilidades que están buscando los empleadores y pueden permitirse centrarse en eso exaltando a la vez su formación y su historial laboral.
In this example, the job seeker has years of relevant experience both as an entrepreneur and as a coordinator for large companies. The functional format is also the right strategy for anyone with employment history gaps or whose qualifications aren't derived traditionally.
This skill-based resume, created by Ohlone College, focuses on qualifications, accomplishments and experience. Work history is listed plainly so as not to draw attention to a two-year work-history gap, and education is listed last and in a way that will not bring attention to the lack of a bachelor’s degree. Esta plantilla es para personas con más experiencia y conocimientos en un campo que un típico demandante de empleo de nivel básico.
In this example, the applicant's list of qualifications, skills and experience showcase his knowledge with graphic design, while the downplayed presentation of work experience and education neither hide nor call attention to weak areas. Esta plantilla muestra lo bien que los CV funcionales destacan las cualificaciones sin necesidad de ocultar los problemas.
This retail-focused resume from Portland Community College targets the job she’s applying for by listing important, relevant experience she’s had in customer service. By listing experience with merchandising techniques, the job seeker shows that she understands that part of increasing sales means working on a sales floor. This also allows her to show both her familiarity with the business as well as the responsibilities she’s been given in previous positions.
This example shows an applicant for a position as a customer service representative who has a limited education, and a work history that includes a relatively large gap. The functional format allows her to highlight strengths and downplay weaknesses.
This professional resume from Palomar College uses a straightforward format to accomplish the goal of leading a potential employer through the applicant’s most important qualifications. Skills are listed first both because in a position such as childcare they’re important, but also because education and employment history isn’t stellar. Las experiencias relevantes citadas son importantes para una maestra de escuela infantil, pero tampoco superan las expectativas básicas.
In this example, the applicant is expecting to earn a bachelor's degree soon and is looking to advance her career. Without getting bogged down in timeline and work history gaps, this document will help job seekers focus on the positives they can bring to a new employer.
This functional resume template for Adam Patrick Jones highlights the advantage of using a functional format to move from one field to another. By listing personal attributes and skills first, followed by a summary of professional qualifications, the applicant shows the range of his abilities.
In this military-to-civilian example, a former office administrator with the U.S. Military is attempting the sometimes tough transition from the military to the private sector. This template can work equally well for anyone hoping to make a career change or those who have a varied, but valuable, skill set.
If you decide to go with this format, you’ll probably need resume examples to guide your creation. It can be overwhelming to start from scratch, but don’t worry — we’ve got you covered! We chose our favorite builder-exclusive custom templates to help you write your own functional resume.
Choose between traditional and more creative templates, depending on your career field and the type of company to which you're applying. Puede descargarlas aquí:
The following sections will show you how to write a compelling functional document.
Un CV funcional siempre debe contener los siguientes componentes:
En este formato, sitúe el apartado de habilidades relevantes antes del historial laboral. Esto es lo que diferencia el formato de un CV funcional de un formato cronológico. At the end of the resume, you can add a brief section of extra competencies or projects that, while not completely relevant to the position, may make your resume even stronger. For example, you can include languages, professional affiliations, IT experience (for a non-IT position), etc.
Don't include hobbies, as it's outdated and doesn't boost your professional image. See our advice below for effective writing advice.
Brainstorm the skills and accomplishments you bring to the table. At this stage, it doesn't matter if some of them aren't relevant to the job description. Do include educational background, training provided by former employers, technical skills, awards and professional affiliations.
Para recordar mejor estos datos, plantéese las siguientes preguntas:
Now, list every skill you possess that's mentioned in the job ad. Delete the elements in your brainstorm list that have nothing to do with the job position. Your relevant aptitude and achievements are what will remain.
Once you're done, refine this list by incorporating the exact keywords that are in the job description. For example, if you wrote "communication with clients," but the job ad says "customer service," use the latter. You don't know whether your resume is going to be screened by an applicant tracking system (ATS) at first. Using the same keywords that are in the job ad will help prevent your resume from getting rejected at this initial stage.
This resume section is simple and straightforward. Just list your complete name, city and state, email and phone number. Use a larger font size and/or different alignment to make your name stand out.
Write “Willing to relocate” if the position is in another city because sometimes a recruiter will discard your resume if they feel you live too far away to commute.
Provide a mobile number for hiring managers to easily contact you. Include a professional email address that includes your first and last names, but no nicknames.
You can include your professional website, online portfolio and LinkedIn profile as well.
In your summary statement, you should make your most relevant skills and experiences stand out immediately to hiring managers. It should effectively summarize your previous experience and relevant qualifications in around 50 words, and entice hiring managers to read the rest of your resume.
Comience por su diploma o el título de su oficio y el número de años que ha estado en la población activa. Continue listing your relevant expertise, and quantify this experience with tangible results. You can mention awards, recognition or accomplishments.
Comparemos dos perfiles profesionales. Here is an ineffective example of an executive secretary's profile.
Executive secretary and team leader, working with effectiveness and attention to detail. Experto en programas de rendimiento y en organización de datos. Responsable de actividades en el entorno laboral con resultados notables.
Este perfil no da a los empleadores la información que necesitan. Esta persona puede tener las habilidades que están buscando, pero el perfil es difuso.
Executive secretary with three years of experience managing two employees in a corporate office, keeping an environment of efficiency with attention to detail. He diseñado y puesto en marcha programas de rendimiento para procedimientos de reestructuración, con lo que ahorré $60.000 en costes laborales al año. Analyzed incoming data from customers and generated reports to the CEO weekly. Organized work environment events that increased employees' job satisfaction by 12 percent in 2016.
Ambos perfiles son de la misma persona, pero el segundo será mucho más eficaz a la hora de atraer la atención del reclutador. La mayor diferencia es la presencia de hechos objetivos e información cuantificable en el segundo ejemplo.
When you list your accomplishments in this way, the recruiter can picture you doing the same for their company.
Remember your proficiency and accomplishments you brainstormed before beginning your resume? You will now classify them in this section.
Tenga en cuenta estas categorías para poder agrupar sus habilidades. List the categories in order of relevance to the position you are applying for, from the most important to the least.
Use past-tense action-oriented verbs to describe the achievements you have gained and the projects you have worked on. Incluya solo los que sean relevantes para el puesto de trabajo que está solicitando y demuéstrelos.
An efficient way to express your achievements using compelling words is to use one of these formulas: Your action + Measured result, or Result + Why it was needed + Action. For example, "Implemented 10 training programs of soft skills on customer service staff, which resulted in a 30 percent improvement on customer satisfaction surveys."
List your qualifications, and support each of them with achievements in bullet points. Use up to three achievements for each category. Esto hará que sea breve y fácil de leer.
Your work history should be concise in a functional resume format. Include a list of company names and job titles in chronological order. Indicar las fechas de cada puesto de trabajo es opcional.
In a functional resume, the recruiters will want to know more about you by the time they reach this part of the document. Your resume may help you get your foot in the door, but a recruiter will probably ask you more questions about your work experience if you are fortunate enough to receive an interview.
If you have limited work experience, you can add internships, volunteer work and personal projects as well.
Su experiencia educativa también debe ser breve y relevante. Provide the name and location of your university, add your major and the type of degree obtained. You can include your GPA within five years of graduating and if it is 3,5 or above.
Mention important seminars, courses or other training if you feel it will boost or validate a skill.
It's common practice to include the year of graduation, but is not mandatory. Minimize the risks of encountering ageism by omitting the year.
The templates and samples above will help you to build your functional resume. If you want to take your document to the next level, a resume builder is a great tool. We launched an online builder that provides custom resume templates with different color combinations and built-in text options that help you tailor your document to your experience and job prospects.
As you use this tool, you can also use the pre-built phrases in our builder to help boost your document's effectiveness. Remember to adapt the text to reflect the unique needs of the open position and the existing skills that you developed in your previous jobs or education.
Follow these recommendations to help your resume stand out from the competition. You might juggle multiple job offers soon!